27th Nov 2011
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In such cases, the specific manifestations of appendicitis emerge late after the disease becomes serious.
Although doctors can choose among various medical techniques in order to confirm their presumptive diagnosis, none of the tests available nowadays is 100 percent reliable in revealing clear physiological signs of appendicitis. Considering this fact, surgeons incline towards assuming the risk of removing a healthy appendix rather than allowing the disease to progress further. Delayed medical intervention can be fatal for appendicitis sufferers and this is the main reason why surgeons often choose to timely perform appendectomy on patients who present possible clinical symptoms of the disease.
The overall number of cases of unnecessary appendectomy has known a slight decline in recent years. However, statistics indicate that in present more than 9 percent of pediatric appendectomies are performed on patients who actually have a healthy appendix. This is due to the fact that very young children and infants are more difficult to correctly diagnose with appendicitis. By contrast, the cases of unnecessary appendectomy among adult patients are nowadays more rare.
In present, malpractice and misdiagnosis of appendicitis can be considered to be indicators for the lack of precision of the existent medical techniques. Therefore, modern medicine needs new, more reliable means of diagnosing internal disorders such as appendicitis.
Appendicectomy, also known as appendectomy or appendisectomy, is the surgical removal of appendix, which has no known function in the human body. Due to unknown reasons, it sometimes gets inflamed and filled with pus and this condition is known as appendicitis.
The main symptom of appendicitis is the abdominal pain which further travels to the right over the appendix area. Other symptoms like vomiting, constipation and nausea may also occur. These symptoms should be paid heed as the appendix may rupture if it is left untreated. The inflammation may worsen in the abdominal lining and blisters may develop posing a threat of infection to adjacent organs. It may stop or slower the passing of food through intestine and it may result in intestinal blockage, shock, intense pain or even death.
The diagnosis for appendicitis is mainly done through a laparoscope for looking into the abdominal cavity. If the pain is suspected to be appendix pain, it is removed as soon as possible, in case any rupture occurs due to inflammation. With the advent of laparoscopy in the surgery for appendicitis, misdiagnosis is now negligible. It also enables to make smaller incisions and dissect the appendix inside the body before removing it.
The appendix surgery involves administering general anesthetic and making an incision through the skin to expose the appendix. The inflamed organ is taken out after the blood vessels have been tied with stitches. A drain is left temporarily to remove pus and fluids that are collected and each tissue layer is repaired until the incision is reached.
The complication in the appendix surgery increases when the appendix ruptures and the blisters are formed. The tubes are left in the surgical wound to drain the pus and fluids and then the incision is closed. The inflammation is resolved by doses of antibiotics.
Laxatives should always be avoided if there is any possibility of appendicitis. Though appendicectomy is generally a safe operation, there may be complications due to the accidental release of infected matter into the peritoneum during the operation. usus buntu
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